Some of the common symptoms of sleep disorders include: lack of energy, difficulty concentrating, memory loss and forgetfulness, diminished productivity and performance at work or school, depression, lack of energy, mood disturbances (e.g. irritability, anger, impulsive actions, etc.), irregular breathing, fatigued driving, and an overall diminished quality of life.
Common Sleep Disorders
Based on Dr. Avi Weisfogel, the creator and owner of the International Academy of Sleep (IAOS), there are more than 70 recognized forms of sleep disorders, and among the most common are sleep apnea, insomnia and restless leg syndrome, respectively.
About 10 percent of adults in the U.S. suffer from chronic insomnia, which can be a debilitating condition that is characterized by: difficulty falling asleep at night, often waking up in the middle of the night and with problems falling back asleep, and routinely waking up significantly earlier than desired or planned. Generally, chronic insomnia refers to situations where insomnia continues for at least three weeks, and acute insomnia refers to shorter durations. Dr. Avi Weisfogel notes that many people fluctuate between bouts of acute and chronic insomnia. He also adds that the condition may temporarily alleviate for weeks or months at a stretch before returning.
Sleep apnea (formally called obstructive sleep apnea or OSA) affects about 20 million people in the U.S. However, Dr. Avi Weisfogel notes that as many as 90 percent of these people are living with undiagnosed and therefore untreated sleep apnea, possibly because they do not know that they have this debilitating and potentially fatal condition, or they don’t understand it is a serious problem that has to be evaluated by a health care professional.
Sleep apnea occurs when the soft tissues in the throat relax during sleep and block the upper respiratory system. A partial blockage typically causes snoring, even though a full blockage causes somebody to stop breathing for several seconds during the evening. This forced the mind to wake up and triggers violent gasping and hacking, in order to clear the airway and allow oxygen to enter the lungs.
As noted above, a lot of men and women who undergo this process on a regular basis — and it may happen several times a night — are unaware that it is happening. Therefore, upon awakening they typically feel exhausted and irritable, but do not know why (or they attribute it to the wrong root cause, like something they ate or an argument, they had the night before). In addition, the burden placed on the respiratory system puts a strain on the heart, which may result in heart attack, heart arrhythmia, heart failure, and other severe and potentially fatal cardiological issues.
Restless Leg Syndrome
Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological disorder that compels people to constantly move their legs, feet, and possibly other body parts during sleep. The compulsion is triggered by senses like itching, aching, burning, throbbing and pulsing. Understandably, the continuous need to shift position wreaks havoc on sleep quality. Just like sleep apnea, lots of people who suffer from restless leg syndrome are unaware that they have a clinical condition for which treatment and drugs are available. Dietary and lifestyle changes may also alleviate or eliminate symptoms.
If you know or believe that you are suffering from one of them or any other sleep disorders, then speak with your primary care doctor. A growing number of dentists are also offering their patients sleep apnea evaluations. Adds Dr. Avi Weisfogel: it’s a mistake for people to assume that sleep disorders correct themselves over time, or that poor excellent sleep is something that they need to learn how to live together and accept. Neither of these are true. The issue is severe, and help is available.